Die Casting Temperature Control: Improve Casting Quality and Production Efficiency

Author: Date Published: Jan 26,2024


In Die Casting, molten metal is injected into a mold under high pressure. The mold temperature has a significant impact on the flowability, filling time, 

filling pattern, solidification rate, and cooling rate of the molten metal. These factors, in turn, affect the quality, productivity, and lifetime of the casting.

Die Casting

Temperature and die-casting:

The temperature of the molten metal affects its flowability, filling time, filling pattern, and solidification rate. 

A higher temperature will improve the flowability of the molten metal, leading to a faster filling time and a more uniform filling pattern. 

However, a higher temperature will also increase the solidification rate, which may lead to internal defects such as shrinkage porosity.

The temperature of the mold also affects the flowability, filling time, filling pattern, and solidification rate of the molten metal. 

A higher mold temperature will reduce the flowability of the molten metal, leading to a slower filling time and a more uneven filling pattern. 

However, a higher mold temperature will also slow down the solidification rate, which may help to reduce internal defects.

Die Casting Mold Operating Temperature Range
Alloy TypesMold Temperature/℃
Zinc Alloys160-200
Magnesium Alloys180-240
aluminum alloys200-250
Copper Alloys280-350

A mold temperature control system typically consists of a mold temperature controller, cooling channels, and temperature sensors. 

The mold temperature controller is responsible for controlling the temperature of the cooling medium, which flows through the cooling channels. 

The temperature sensors are used to measure the temperature of the mold at various locations.

There are three main types of mold temperature controllers:

Water-cooled mold temperature controllers: These controllers use water as the cooling medium. Water is a good conductor of heat and can be easily controlled.

Oil-cooled mold temperature controllers: These controllers use oil as the cooling medium. Oil has a higher specific heat than water and can provide more 

uniform cooling.

Air-cooled mold temperature controllers: These controllers use air as the cooling medium. Air is a less efficient cooling medium than water or oil, but it is also 

less expensive.

Best Mold Temperature Control Methods:

The best mold temperature control method for a particular application will depend on a number of factors, including the type of casting, the molten metal, 

and the desired properties of the casting. However, some general guidelines can be given.

The mold temperature should be high enough to allow the molten metal to flow freely into the mold cavity, but not so high that it causes the casting to shrink or distort. 

The mold temperature should also be uniform throughout the mold, to prevent hot spots and cold spots.

Problems Addressed by Die Temperature Control:

Die Temperature Too High:

Deformation and Sticking: Excessively high die temperatures can lead to difficulty in demolding as the parts may deform or stick to the die surface.

Increased Release Agent Usage: To address demolding issues, more release agent is often sprayed, leading to additional problems such as increased porosity in 

the cast part.

Burned Release Agent: The high die temperature can cause the release agent to burn on the mold surface, losing release properties.

Longer Cycles and Die Wear: Excessive mold temperatures contribute to longer production cycles and heavy die wear, impacting productivity.

Die Temperature Too Low:

Lubrication Impairment: Cold die walls reduce the effectiveness of the spray agent, even if more is used. This leads to poor lubrication, 

affecting dimensional accuracy and mold filling.

Incomplete Mould Filling: Inadequate die temperatures result in incomplete mold filling, particularly after production interruptions.

Thermal Shocks: Cold die surfaces during material feed can cause thermal shocks, shortening the die's lifespan and increasing maintenance costs.

Quality Losses: Premature solidification of the melt, streaking, or material overlap can occur with insufficient die temperatures, leading to quality issues.

Optimizing Temperature Control:

Reduced Scrap: Proper die temperature control minimizes shrinkage cavities, poor dimensional accuracy, and other defects, reducing the amount of scrapped 


Enhanced Productivity: By avoiding quality issues related to die temperature, the overall productivity of the die-casting process is improved.

Extended Die Lifespan: Optimal temperature control helps prevent thermal shocks, contributing to a longer lifespan for the die and reducing maintenance costs.

Improved Process Stability: A well-adjusted temperature control system ensures consistent and stable thermal conditions, reducing variations in part quality.

In summary, die temperature control is essential for achieving the desired part quality, minimizing defects, and optimizing the efficiency of the die-casting 


It addresses issues related to both excessively high and low die temperatures, promoting stable and reliable production.

die casting auto enginee parts 102

Future Trends in Mold Temperature Control:

The advancement of mold temperature control is marked by increased automation, leveraging technology to enhance accuracy and efficiency in the control 


The integration of artificial intelligence plays a pivotal role, enabling the development of sophisticated algorithms that optimize mold temperature based 

on specific application requirements. Furthermore, the growing utilization of 3D printing in mold manufacturing introduces complexity, 

necessitating more precise temperature control to meet the demands of intricate mold designs. 

These technological trends collectively contribute to the evolution and improvement of mold temperature control systems.

Our Metal Casting Services

At saivs, we prioritize precise temperature control in die casting, leveraging our skilled engineers' expertise and advanced technologies. 

Over 20 years of experience solidifies our quality commitment, ensuring each production delivers perfectly fitting and aesthetically pleasing metal parts. 

Contact us today to learn more about our services.

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